Raven 's Progressive Matrices is a well-known psychometric tool developed by J. S. Raven. This test is designed to evaluate abstract thinking and intellectual abilities of test takers. It is based on the principle of step-by-step problem solving, where subjects are asked to select the correct element to complete a logical sequence.
Progressive matrices include a series of images or patterns, where each subsequent image in the sequence must be selected from several answer options in accordance with a logical law or pattern. Such tasks measure abstract thinking, the ability to analyze and synthesize information.
The Raven's Test is widely used in the fields of psychometrics and education to assess cognitive skills and identify developmental trends in test takers. Its results can be useful when making decisions about admission to educational institutions or when selecting personnel in work areas where identifying the analytical and logical abilities of an individual is important.